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Thursday, October 6, 2016

How to Make Solenoid Engine (Pictures and Video)

let's make a solenoid engine. You may have seen many videos of making solenoid engine online. There are hundreds of such videos on youtube. But this project is entirely different. We designed it in a way how automobile engines work. You can see many components similar to those in an internal combustion engine. You can see, pistons, connecting rod, crank, crankshaft, cylinder, cylinder head, flywheel etc. An IC engine works by the explosion of fuel inside the cylinder, whereas in solenoid engine the driving force is Electromagnetism.




[caption id="attachment_1033" align="aligncenter" width="502"]solenoid Engine Make solenoid Engine[/caption]

A solenoid is a type of electromagnet when the purpose is to generate a controlled magnetic field. If the purpose of the solenoid is instead to impede changes in the electric current, a solenoid can be more specifically classified as an inductor rather than an electromagnet.  In engineering, the term may also refer to a variety of transducer devices that convert energy into linear motion. The term is also often used to refer to a solenoid valve, which is an integrated device containing an electromechanical solenoid which actuates either a pneumatic or hydraulic valve, or a solenoid switch, which is a specific type of relay that internally uses an electromechanical solenoid to operate an electrical switch; for example, an automobile starter solenoid, or a linear solenoid, which is an electromechanical solenoid. Solenoid bolts, a type of electronic-mechanical locking mechanism, also exist.



How to Make a Solenoid Engine Video



Recommending to Read: Make Small wind turbine

Things needed to Make Solenoid Engine



  1. ACP sheet or fibre sheet - small pieces

  2. Fibre reeper pieces

  3. Fisher plugs

  4. Screws 1.5''-2nos, 3/4'' -4nos

  5. Magnet wire or insulated copper wire- 26 gauge- 30mtrs

  6. Syringe- 2nos

  7. copper wire or GI rod- Guage 12- 30 cm

  8. Copper wire- Guage 18- 30cm

  9. Cylindrical Magnets

  10. Wood wheel


Tools needed to Make Solenoid Engine



  1. Angle Grinder

  2. Drilling machine

  3. 6mm drill bit, 4mm drill bit

  4. Cigar lighter

  5. Screwdriver

  6. Player


How to Make Solenoid Engine


Recommending to Read: How to make vertical axis wind turbine

Step 1: Making of Solenoid Cylinder 

  • First of all Cut two Similar Pieces of ACP or fibre sheet.

  • And mark Syringe dia on the sheet. Then Remove unwanted Part.

  • Now cut 2'' length from a cylinder part of a syringe. Fix the Syringe piece on the sheet.

  • Now is the time to wind the 26 gauge copper wire on the syringe piece.

  • Wind magnet wire tightly. Minimum turns 60, maximum: as much as possible.

  • The more you wind magnet wire, your engine will perform faster and powerful.

  • Make necessary holes. Watch Video.


[gallery columns="4" size="medium" ids="1020,1022,1021,1023,1025,1019,1024"]

Step 2: Making of Piston

  • The Piston has three parts. Piston head, connecting rod and crank.

  • We used a Cylindrical magnet as piston head,

  • fibre reeper-screw arrangement as the connecting rod,

  • a small piece of reeper as the crank.

  • Connecting rod plays an important role in transferring Power to Crankshaft easily.

  • I have made this joint Flexible. Note it.

  • Watch Video For more details


[gallery size="medium" ids="1029,1028,1030"]

Step 3: Making Crank Shaft

  • Buy 12 gauge copper wire or GI rod from hardware shop

  • Bend it as shown in the Figure


c1

Step 4: Make and break arrangement

  • Use 18 gauge copper wire to set the make and break arrangement.

  • Watch video Once again to know, how to set it.

  • Then Assemble each and every component carefully.

  • Connect a flywheel to one end of the Crankshaft.

  • Use an old laptop ac-dc adapter as Power supply.

  • Connect Leads to the Slip contacts as shown in the video.

  • That's all.


Make and Break solenoid engine

Keep in Mind

  • Take care while using high-performance adhesive, connecting Adapter to the engine, while using Drill, Angle Grinder etc.


 

Your Solenoid Engine is Ready!


[gallery size="medium" ids="1026,1033,1032"]

Let's make Your own solenoid engine today. Now is the time to rate my project. Did you enjoy this project? If Yes Share it with your friends. Comment your doubts and opinions. Suggest me if any modifications. Thank you for reading How to make solenoid engine.
2 comments

Saturday, October 1, 2016

How to Make Vertical Axis Wind Turbine VAWT (With Pictures and Video)

Wind turbines are used to harness wind power. There are different types of wind turbines. They are mainly classified as horizontal axis wind turbines and vertical axis wind turbines. Construction and working principles of a wind turbine can be easily understood from a working model. That's why I am always engaged in making working models of such devices, especially renewable energy harnessing devices. We have already discussed how to make small wind turbine (Horizontal axis). Today we are going to discuss How to Make Vertical Axis Wind Turbine (VAWT).

Make Vertical axis wind turbine


How to Make Vertical Axis Wind Turbine(VAWT) Video


Let's Make Vertical Axis Wind Turbine (VAWT) today.



Things needed to Make Vertical Axis Wind Turbine



  1. 4'' PVC Pipe 30 cm in length

  2. ACP Sheet 30cm in length

  3. Dynamo 3-5 Volt

  4. PVC or CPVC Fittings 3T's and 4 Elbows

  5. Pieces of PVC or CPVC Pipe

  6. L-Clamp Steel 4

  7. Plate washer 2'' IN Dia- 2

  8. GI Nut that suits Dynamo Pulley

  9. Connecting Wires

  10. 3/4'' Cycle Screws 30

  11. Powerbank

Tools needed to Make Vertical Axis Wind Turbine



  1. Angle Grinder

  2. Drilling machine

  3. 6mm drill bit

  4. Welding machine (optional)

  5. Multimeter

  6. Spanner set

  7. Other necessary equipment

How to Make Vertical Axis Wind Turbine (VAWT)


Step 1



  • Take PVC Pipe having 4inch diameter and 30 cm length.

  • Axially divide it into 4 equal parts using an angle grinder

  • Carefully use angle grinder

  • Make holes on one side of the PVC using 6mm drill bit[gallery columns="2" size="medium" ids="978,977"]


Sep 2



  • Cut 4 pieces of ACP Sheet having 30 cm in length and 6 cm in width

  • Mark holes on ACP from PVC Pieces and make holes Using 6mm drill bit.

  • [gallery columns="1" size="medium" ids="983"]


Step 3



  • Buy 4 steel L-clamps and cut it into required length (12 cm * 6 cm) using an angle grinder.

  • Take care and wear glasses while using an angle grinder.

  • [gallery columns="1" size="medium" ids="988"]

Step 4



  • Take GI Plate washer 2'' in diameter

  • Take a GI nut that suits dynamo pulley

  • Weld GI Nut at the center of the plate washer

  • Then weld all 4 L-Clamps on the plate washer

  • Propeller frame is ready.

  • [gallery columns="4" size="medium" ids="981,982,973,987"]

Step 5



  • Connect ACP Sheets and PVC pieces together using cycle screws.

  • Use a spanner to tighten it.

  • Then connect these propeller blades on propeller frame.

  • Wind turbine propeller is ready.

  • [gallery size="medium" ids="987,975,976"]

Step 6



  • Buy PVC or CPVC fittings (4 elbows, 3 T's).

  • Join these components together to make wind turbine base.

  • Connect the wire to the dynamo and fix it on wind turbine base.

  • [gallery size="medium" ids="984,985,986"]


Step 7



  • Place propeller on the wind turbine base.

  • Vertical axis wind turbine is ready.

  • Place the wind turbine in front of a Fan.

  • Yeah. It's working fine

  • Check the output voltage using a multimeter.


  • [gallery size="medium" columns="1" ids="980"]


Vertical axis wind turbine is ready


This vertical axis wind turbine is just a working model. So output voltage would be very low. If you have a high-performance dynamo and even larger wind turbine propeller you can recharge your smartphone. You can also use a power bank to store the energy generated by the wind turbine. make your own power bank today.


Now we have learned to make vertical axis wind turbine. Now is the time to Make small wind turbine (horizontal axis). Share this DIY Wind turbine Guide with your friends.
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